Difference between revisions of "PRINT USING"

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* Preceding literal or variable ''text$'' can be placed between PRINT and USING or it can be included in the ''template''.
* Preceding literal or variable ''text$'' can be placed between PRINT and USING or it can be included in the ''template''.
* The list of data variables used in the template are '''separated by semicolons''' after the template string value.  
* The list of data ''variables'' used in the ''template'' are '''separated by semicolons''' after the template string value.  
* The variables should be listed in the order that they are used in the template from left to right.
* The ''variables'' should be listed in the order that they are used in the template from left to right.
* No more than 25 # digit places are allowed in a template number or an [[ERROR Codes|error]] will occur.
* No more than 25 # digit places are allowed in a template number or an [[ERROR Codes|error]] will occur.
* Can convert numerical exponential or [[scientific notation]] values to normal decimal point values.
* Can convert numerical exponential or [[scientific notation]] values to normal decimal point values.

Revision as of 04:16, 9 May 2011

The PRINT USING statement is used to PRINT formatted data to the Screen or a file using a STRING template.


Syntax: PRINT [text${;|,}] USING template$; variable; list; ...etc[{;|,}]


  • Preceding literal or variable text$ can be placed between PRINT and USING or it can be included in the template.
  • The list of data variables used in the template are separated by semicolons after the template string value.
  • The variables should be listed in the order that they are used in the template from left to right.
  • No more than 25 # digit places are allowed in a template number or an error will occur.
  • Can convert numerical exponential or scientific notation values to normal decimal point values.
  • NOTE: If the numerical value exceeds the template's digit range a % symbol will appear in the leftmost digit area.
Template is a literal or variable string using the following formatting characters:
& Prints an entire string value. Length should be limited as template width will vary.
\ Denotes the start and end point of a fixed string area with spaces between(LEN = spaces + 2).
! Prints only the leading character of a string value.
# Denotes a numerical digit. An appropriate number of digits should be used for values received.
^^^^ Prints a numerical value in exponential format.
. Denotes a number's decimal point position. Also determines value accuracy.
, Placed to left of decimal point, prints a comma every 3 places left of the decimal point.
+ Denotes position of the number's sign.
- Placed after the number, displays the number's sign after the number (negative only).
$$ Prints a dollar sign immediately before the highest non-zero digit position of the numerical value.
** Prints an asterisk in any leading empty spaces of a numerical value. Specifies 2 extra digit positions.
**$ Combines ** and $. Negative values will display minus sign to left of $.



Example: Printing formatted data using a predefined string template variable.

first$ = "Bobby": last$ = "Smith" boxes% = 1510: sales! = 4530 tmp$ = "Salesperson: & & #####,. $$#####,.##" PRINT USING tmp$; first$; last$; boxes%; sales!

Salesperson: Bobby Smith 1,510 $4,530.00

Explanation: The Salesperson: text precedes the formatted data. The name lengths will change the length of the string template accordingly so columns will not all line up. If \ \ was used, the columns would stay the same, but parts of some names might be lost. If the box or sales values exceed 3 digits, a comma is used in the value every 3 digits.


See also:



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