Difference between revisions of "OPEN COM"

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* [[COM]] can only be 1 or 2 as [[OPEN]] cannot open other COM port numbers.(See Windows System Components list)
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* QB64 can open any [[COM]]port number. Qbasic could only open  COM1 or COM2.
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* See Windows System Components list for COM port numbers and port addresses.
 
* Four commas are required after the Speed, Parity, Bits, and Stopbit, even if no other Options are used.
 
* Four commas are required after the Speed, Parity, Bits, and Stopbit, even if no other Options are used.
 
* Speed(baud rate): 75, 110, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 1800, 2400 or 9600 maximum.
 
* Speed(baud rate): 75, 110, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 1800, 2400 or 9600 maximum.

Revision as of 06:06, 8 October 2010

The OPEN COM statement is used to access a computer's Serial port COM1 or COM2 address using an OPEN statement.


Syntax: OPEN "COMn: Speed, Parity, Bits, Stopbit, [Options]" FOR mode AS #f LEN = bytesize


  • QB64 can open any COMport number. Qbasic could only open COM1 or COM2.
  • See Windows System Components list for COM port numbers and port addresses.
  • Four commas are required after the Speed, Parity, Bits, and Stopbit, even if no other Options are used.
  • Speed(baud rate): 75, 110, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 1800, 2400 or 9600 maximum.
  • Parity: N (none), E (even), O (odd), S (space) or M (mark). Note: If 8 bits use parity N for numerical data!
  • Bits = number of bits/byte: Valid numbers: 5, 6, 7 or 8
  • Stopbit = number of stop bits: Valid numbers: 1, 1.5 or 2
  • Other OPEN options are optional and in any order separated by commas within the OPEN STRING command.
Additional Options
* ASC : ASCII byte mode. End of line = CHR$(13). End of file = CHR$(26)
* BIN : Binary byte mode. Default mode if ASC is not used(option not required).
Below m is the timeout in milliseconds 1 to 65535. Zero is ignore timeout. Default m = 1000 :
CDm : Time until timeout of DCD (Carrier Detect) line in. CD0 ignores timeouts.
CSm : Time until timeout of CTS (Clear to Send) line in. CS0 ignores timeouts.
DSm : Time until timeout of DSR (Data Set Ready) line in. DS0 ignores timeouts.
OPm : Time until data lines become active. If timeout then OPEN fails! OP0 ignores timeouts.
If any timeouts occur the OPEN will fail or port access will stop!
RBs : Size of receive buffer when used. Default when not used = 512 bytes
TBs : Size of transmit buffer when used. Default when not used = 512 bytes
RS : Supress detection of RTS (Ready to Send) line. No timeout.




Example: Opening COM port 1 with the OP0 no line timeout option and setting the receive and transmit buffer size using LEN =.

OPEN "COM1: 9600, N, 8, 1, OP0" FOR RANDOM AS #1 LEN = 2048 ' input and output buffersize


See also:

INPUT$, LOC, INKEY$, PRINT #, OPEN




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