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to numeric values.
To convert string values to numeric values.
Numeric values read in from a random-access disk file must be converted from strings back into numbers if they are to be arithmetically manipulated.
CVI converts a 2-byte string to an integer. MKI$ is its complement.
converts a 4- byte string to a single-precision number. MKS$ is its complement.
CVD converts an 8-byte string to a double-precision number. MKD$ is its complement.
(See MKI$, MKS$, and MKD$).
, and $)
FIELD #1, 4 AS N$ , 12 AS B$ ...
Line 80 reads a field from file #1, and converts the first four bytes ( N$) into a single-precision number assigned to the variable Y.
from 1 ,
Since a single-precision number can contain as many as seven ASCII characters ( seven bytes), writing a file using MKS$ conversion, and reading with the CVS conversion, as many as three bytes per numbe r recorded are saved on the storage medium. Even more may be saved if double-precision numbers are required. MKD$ and CVD conversions would be used in this case.
the , the . .
The CVI function decodes a 2-byte STRING generated by MKI$ (or read from a file) to INTEGER numeric values.
- result% = CVI(stringData$)
- CV functions (CVD, CVS, CVI, CVL, CVDMBF, CVSMBF) are used to convert values encoded by MK$ functions (MKD$, MKS$, MKI$, MKL$, MKDMBF$, MKSMBF$).
- QB64 has _CV and _MK$ functions which can also deal with extended data types.
- INTEGER values can range from -32768 to 32767.
- Doesn't return _UNSIGNED values.
FIELD #1, 2 AS N$, 12 AS B$...
GET #1 'GET does not need a position or variable with successive FIELD buffer reads
Y = CVI(N$)
- Explanation: Reads a field from file #1, and converts the first two bytes (N$) into an integer number assigned to the variable Y.
- Since the representation of an integer number can use up to 5 ASCII characters (five bytes), writing to a file using MKI$ conversion, and then reading back with the CVI conversion can save up to 3 bytes of storage space.
Example 2: How CVI converts the ASCII code values created by the MKI$ function.
DIM Q AS STRING * 1
Q = CHR$(34)
' create Print using templates to align the values returned
tmp1$ = "1st character code = ### * 1 = ### "
tmp2$ = "2nd character code = ### * 256 = ##### "
tmp3$ = " & "
tmp4$ = " CVI Total = ##### "
COLOR 14: LOCATE 13, 20: INPUT "Enter an Integer from 1 to 32767(0 quits): ", number%
IF number% < 1 THEN EXIT DO
ASCII$ = MKI$(number%) ' create the 2 byte character string
_PRINTSTRING (152, 240), "MKI$ creates 2 byte ASCII string: " + Q + ASCII$ + Q ' displays character(s)
asc1% = ASC(ASCII$) ' find the ASCII code values of each character
asc2% = ASC(ASCII$, 2) ' QB64 allows ASC to read specific characters in a string
LOCATE 18, 20: PRINT USING tmp1$; asc1%; asc1%
LOCATE 19, 20: PRINT USING tmp2$; asc2%; asc2% * 256
LOCATE 20, 20: PRINT USING tmp3$; "-----"
LOCATE 21, 20: PRINT USING tmp4$; asc1% + (256 * asc2%)
Code by Ted Weissgerber
- Explanation: All ASCII characters can be displayed using _PRINTSTRING . The routine gets the ASCII code, which is the actual value needed by CVI. The first byte code is always between 0 and 255. The second byte can return 0 thru 127 and CVI multiplies that value by 256. This proves that you cannot just feed a string number value to CVI and get the result desired. ("90" gets decoded to 12345).
- MKD$, MKI$, MKS$, MKL$, MKDMBF$, MKSMBF$
- CVS, CVD, CVL, CVSMBF, CVDMBF
- _CV, _MK$
- Keyword Reference - Alphabetical
- Keyword Reference - By Usage
- Main Wiki Page