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The '''COMMAND$''' function returns the
DOS commandline arguments passed when a program was run.
The '''COMMAND$''' function returns the passed when a program run.
''Syntax:'' variable$ = COMMAND$
* Return is a [[STRING]] with all arguments in uppercase no matter what case they were originally.
* Useful when the programmer wants to add options to the command line of a program for later use by another.
* COMMAND$ is not available in QuickBasic versions below 4.0
The COMMAND$ function returns the command line argument(s) passed when a program is run.
- commandLine$ = COMMAND$[(count%)]
- The STRING return value is anything typed after a program's executable file name in command line (or using the RUN statement).
- Unlike QuickBASIC, QB64 does not return all uppercase values so keep that in mind when checking parameters.
- In QB64, COMMAND$ works as an array to return specific elements passed to the command line. COMMAND$(2) would return the second parameter passed at the command line. Arguments can contain spaces if they are passed inside quotation marks. This can be used to properly retrieve file names and arguments which contain spaces.
- Use the _COMMANDCOUNT function to find the number of parameters passed to a program via the command line. See Example 2 below.
Example 1: Compile both programs. ProgramA RUNs ProgramB with a parameter passed following the filename:
LOCATE 12, 36: PRINT "ProgramA"
LOCATE 23, 25: PRINT "Press any key to run ProgramB"
K$ = INPUT$(1)
RUN "ProgramB FS" 'pass FS parameter to ProgramB in QB64 or QB4.5
- ProgramB checks for fullscreen parameter pass in QB64 and goes full screen.
LOCATE 17, 36: PRINT "ProgramB"
parameter$ = UCASE$(COMMAND$) 'UCASE$ is needed in QB64 only, as QB4.5 will always return upper case
LOCATE 20, 33: PRINT "Parameter = " + parameter$
IF LEFT$(parameter$, 2) = "FS" THEN _FULLSCREEN 'parameter changes to full screen
Parameter = FS.EXE
Example 2: Program gets the number of parameters passed to the program, and then prints those parameters to the screen one at a time.
count = _COMMANDCOUNT
FOR c = 1 TO count
PRINT COMMAND$(c) 'or process commands sent
a data file
- Explanation: If we start ThisProgram.exe with the command line ThisProgram -l "a data file", COMMAND$ will return a single string of "-1 a data file" which might be hard to process and interpret properly, but COMMAND$(1) would return "-l" and COMMAND$(2) would return the quoted "a data file" option as separate entries for easier parsing and processing.
Example 3: As part of the command array syntax, you can also just read the array to see how many commands were sent (or simply check _COMMANDCOUNT):
count = count + 1
cmd$ = COMMAND$(count)
IF cmd$ = "" THEN EXIT DO 'read until an empty return
PRINT cmd$ 'or process commands sent
count = count - 1 'save the number of parameters sent to this program when run
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