RANDOMIZE is used with a seed value to generate different random number sequences using the RND function.
- RANDOMIZE [USING] seednumber
- The seed number can be ANY positive or negative numerical type value. The TIMER value is often used to change RND output each run.
- If the seed number is omitted, the program will display: Random-number seed (-32768 to 32767)? request on screen.
- USING resets a seed number sequence to the start of the sequence as if the program just started using that seed in QB64 only.
- Note: The RANDOMIZE USING seed number MUST be designated or a Name already in use status error will occur!
- If the same initial seed number is used, the sequence of random numbers returned will be identical every program run.
- The fact that random numbers would always be the same has been used for simple data encrytion.
- Using a TIMER starting value ensures that the initial return sequence values are different almost every time the program is run!
- RUN should reset the RANDOMIZE sequence to the starting RND function value.(Not yet in QB64)
Example 1: Using RANDOMIZE TIMER to set a different starting sequence of random numbers every run.
- Explanation: Procedure generates random integer values from 2 to 12 like a pair of dice.
Example 2: Repeating a random number sequence with RANDOMIZE USING and a specific seed value in QB64 only.
seed = 10 RANDOMIZE seed Print7 RANDOMIZE seed Print7 PRINT "Press a key to start sequence over!" K$ = INPUT$(1) RANDOMIZE USING seed Print7 SUB Print7 FOR r = 1 TO 7 PRINT RND; NEXT PRINT: PRINT END SUB
- Explanation: The second RANDOMIZE statement just continues the sequence where USING in the third restarts the sequence.